Discussion on the scale and development trend of engineering detection industry in China
From 2013 to 2016, the scale of China's testing industry showed a growth trend, and all indicators achieved year-on-year growth. By the end of 2016, there were 33235 inspection and testing institutions in China, with 1.02 million employees. The operating income was 206.5 billion yuan and the per capita operating income was 200000 yuan. The compound growth rate is 10%, 9% and 14%. According to this growth rate, the number of institutions will reach 40214 in 2018, the personnel scale will be expanded to 1.21 million, the revenue scale will be 26.84 million yuan, and the per capita revenue will be 220000 yuan.
The composition of the cake in the inspection industry is rich in raw materials. In addition to construction engineering testing, it also includes the inspection of environmental protection, health, agriculture, quality inspection, food, medicine, machinery, electronics, light industry, textile, aviation, national defense and other fields. According to 1 / 10 proportion of engineering inspection in the whole cake, the revenue scale of engineering inspection in 2018 is about 26.84 billion yuan
China's inspection and testing industry has just entered the initial stage. Due to the system factors, the domestic inspection and testing market is not fully open. At present, there are two main types of market competition, one is the supervision and testing room with government color set up by quality supervision and management departments at all levels, and the other is independent third-party quality inspection institutions. With the increasing marketization of China's testing, driven by foreign investment and private testing institutions, the scale of the third-party testing market has been growing rapidly, and the proportion of sharing the cake has also increased year by year. As of 2016, the operating revenue of the third-party testing institutions was 90.9 billion yuan, accounting for 44% of the total revenue; the compound growth rate was about 22% from 2013 to 2016. According to this growth rate, it is expected that the third-party inspection institutions will achieve 135.2 billion yuan in 2018, and share half of the cake. At present, the engineering testing market is mainly divided by large state-owned testing institutions, private testing institutions and well-known foreign-funded testing institutions. A large number of small and medium-sized design enterprises occupy a small part
Large scale state-owned inspection: a small number of original national and ministerial design enterprises such as China Architectural Design and Research Institute and Shanghai modern architectural design (Group) Co., Ltd. are in an advantageous position. Most of the enterprises carry out business nationwide, mainly in Beijing, Shanghai and other first tier cities. They have strong scale and brand advantages and occupy considerable market space.
Foreign funded testing institutions: generally, they are the world's leading quality and safety service institutions in the industry, covering a wide range of business fields, and have a certain origin with foreign customers. Representative enterprises such as Swiss general notary public, Bureau Veritas international inspection group, Intertek group, etc., undertake more projects in developed areas of China, and international cities are their main business markets.
Private testing institutions: Although the private testing institutions started late, they have certain geographical advantages to carry out business and have relatively stable market resources in the local area. Most of them take the local and surrounding areas as the main market. Some powerful private testing institutions have gradually expanded their business to other places and opened up the national market.